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Rust安装/更新/打包

Rust - 安装 / 打包#

安装#

curl --proto '=https' --tlsv1.2 -sSf https://sh.rustup.rs | sh
  • cargo 换源
vi $HOME/.cargo/config

内容

[source.crates-io]
replace-with = 'ustc'

[source.ustc]
registry = "git://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/crates.io-index"

Nightly#

# 可通过如下命令安装 rustc 的 nightly 版本,并把该版本设置为 rustc 的缺省版本。
rustup install nightly
rustup default nightly

其它#

# 查看有哪些平台
rustc --print target-list | pr -tw100 --columns 3

# 查看已安装
rustup target list | grep installed

# 安装x86_64-unknown-linux-musl
rustup target add x86_64-unknown-linux-musl

更新#

 rustup update

打包#

查看依赖#

macOS 查看依赖

otool -L target/release/workout

Linux 查看依赖

ldd target/release/二进制文件

静态文件#

或者使用cargo install cross --git https://github.com/cross-rs/cross

打包静态文件可能出现问题,docker 打包最终解决方法!

问题#

blocking waiting for file lock…#

rm -rf ~/.cargo/.package-cache

windows 打包#

q: the msvc targets depend on the msvc linker but link.exe was not found

解决:

C:\Users\intent\.cargo\bin\rustup uninstall toolchain stable-x86_64-pc-windows-msvc
C:\Users\intent\.cargo\bin\rustup toolchain install stable-x86_64-pc-windows-gnu
C:\Users\intent\.cargo\bin\rustup default stable-x86_64-pc-windows-gnu

或者安装 VSStudio!!!

q: Internal error occurred: Failed to find tool. Is musl-gcc installed?#

a: 这个是因为 musl 没安装

git clone https://github.com/richfelker/musl-cross-make.git --depth=1
cd musl-cross-make && TARGET=x86_64-linux-musl make -j8
cd build/local/x86_64-linux-musl/ && make install

# 配置好PATH变量
# rust x86_64-linux-musl
export PATH=/mnt/dev/git/rust/musl-cross-make/build/local/x86_64-linux-musl/output/bin:$PATH

q: error: failed to run custom build command for openssl-sys v0.9.72#

Ubuntu

 sudo apt install pkg-config
 sudo apt install libudev-dev
 sudo apt install librust-openssl-sys-dev
 sudo apt install libssl-dev

Gentoo

OPENSSL_LIB_DIR=/usr/lib64 OPENSSL_INCLUDE_DIR=/usr/include TARGET_CC=x86_64-linux-musl-gcc cargo build --release --target=x86_64-unknown-linux-musl

q: reqwest Segmentation fault when building a blocking::Client from a blocking::ClientBuilder#

# Segmentation fault when building a blocking::Client from a blocking::ClientBuilder

OPENSSL_STATIC=true OPENSSL_DIR=/mnt/dev/git/c/openssl-OpenSSL_1_1_1f/musl TARGET_CC=x86_64-linux-musl-gcc cargo build --release --target=x86_64-unknown-linux-musl

q: error: failed to run custom build command for `ring v0.16.20`#

sudo apt install musl-tools

编译慢,更改 linker 为 llvm#

https://stackoverflow.com/questions/57812916/how-do-i-change-the-default-rustc-cargo-linker

参考#

Rust 交叉编译相关总结 - Silentdoer - 博客园

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